Action sports, adventure sports or extreme sports are activities
perceived as involving a high degree of risk. These activities often
involve speed, height, a high level of physical exertion and highly
For hundreds of years, surfing was a central part of ancient
Polynesian culture. Surfing may have first been observed by
British explorers at Tahiti in 1767. Samuel Wallis and the crew
members of HMS Dolphin who were the first Britons to visit the
island in June of that year. Another candidate is the botanist
Joseph Banks being part of the first voyage of James Cook on HMS
Endeavour, who arrived on Tahiti on 10 April 1769. Lieutenant
James King was the first person to write about the art of
surfing on Hawaii when he was completing the journals of Captain
James Cook upon Cook's death in 1779.
Skateboarding is an action sport which involves riding and
performing tricks using a skateboard, as well as a recreational
activity, an art form, an entertainment industry job, and a method
of transportation. Skateboarding has been shaped and influenced by
many skateboarders throughout the years.
Snowboarding is a recreational activity and Winter Olympic and
Paralympic sport that involves descending a snow-covered slope while
standing on a snowboard attached to a rider's feet. The development of
snowboarding was inspired by skateboarding, sledding, surfing and
BMX, an abbreviation for bicycle motocross or bike motocross, is a cycle
sport performed on BMX bikes, either in competitive BMX racing or
freestyle BMX, or else in general on- or off-road recreation. BMX began
when young cyclists appropriated motocross tracks for fun, racing and
stunts, eventually evolving specialized BMX bikes and competitions.
Inline skates are a type of roller skate used for inline skating. Unlike
quad skates, which have two front and two rear wheels, inline skates
typically have two to five wheels arranged in a single line.